Port congestion – causes, consequences and impact on global trade.
Port congestion is a condition in which a ship that arrives at a port for shipping or other operations is unable to dock and have to wait outside at the dock for the dock to become available.
Port congestion is a major challenge facing many ports worldwide and can occur for various reasons
-The port or station is reserved for more than its capacity
-Delays caused by bad weather, which leads to the line-up of ships abroad
-Business or industrial strikes
-Epidemics such as COVID-19
-Lack of port handling equipment
-No square space
-Access to restricted port
Port congestion is very common in container terminals around the world, and many attribute it to the increase in container ships that have grown by 1452.68% in the past fifty years.