The airport was opened in 1998 to replace the former Kai Tak International Airport, and to be a hub for passenger and cargo handling in Asia and a gateway to enter China. Despite the short history of the airport, it was classified in the study conducted by Skytrax Research as the best airport in the world for seven times during its first ten years of operation .. The airport is the eleventh in the world in terms of the number of passengers in addition to occupying the second rank in the world in terms of freight traffic. The airport is the primary operations hub for Cathay Pacific Airlines and also Dragon Air and Hong Kong Express Airlines, as well as a hub for Hong Kong Airlines. Hong Kong Air Cargo and Private Airline.